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"Boy Scouting teaches a young person to become a good citizen of
whatever country he calls home. Training in responsible citizenship, physical and mental
development, character guidance through group activity, patrol activity, recognition
through awards and learning by doing comprise the international program of Boy Scouting.
Over 16 million participants subscribe to the worldwide principles and universal practices
that unite boy, young men, and adults in nearly 120 countries. Worldwide principles
include: duty to God and respect for individual beliefs; strength of would friendship and
Scouting brotherhood; strength of would friendship and Scouting brotherhood; service to
others; regard for the Scout Promise and Law as a live guide; voluntary membership;
independence from political influence and control; and outdoor program orientation."
The Start of Scouting
The man who started the Scouting movement, Robert Stephenson
Smyth Badon-Powell spent much of his life serving in the British cavalry. He received his early military training in India, then served in Africa. At the turn of the century he was an officer in the war between Britain and the descendants of Dutch settlers, the Bores, in South Africa. He gained world fame during the war by defending the town of Mafeking against a force of Boer soldiers. He stood fast for 217 days until another British army group broke through the enemy lines and lifted the siege.
Baden-Powell came home to England as the best-known hero of the Boer War. He decided to
use his fame to help British boys become better men. He based his ideas of a boys'
organization on his own experiences as a youngster in England and as a soldier in India
and Africa. In 1907 he invited a group of boys to attend the world's first Boy Scout camp
on the English island of Brown sea. The success of the camp led him to write a book he
called Scouting for Boys. It was an instant best-seller. Boys by the thousands
bought it and decided to become Scouts. Scouting spread like wildfire throughout England
and, before long, around the world.
The boys joining the new Boy Scouts of America needed a manual of their own. Published in 1911, the BSA's Handbook for Boys was an American version of Baden-Powell's Scouting for Boys. It was packed with information about hiking and camping, forming patrols, and having fun in the outdoors. The book also described activities for Scout troops and listed the requirements for Scout ranks and merit badges.
The Scout handbook has been revised 10 times to include the latest developments in Scouting and outdoor adventures. Since 1911, more than 33 million copies of the Boyscout Handbook have been printed. that makes it on of the most popular American books of all time.
Some Parts Based from Scout Handbook (Tenth Edition)